Term of the Day

Limits to Arbitrage

Limits to arbitrage is a theory which assumes that restrictions placed upon funds, that would ordinarily be used by rational traders to arbitrage away pricing inefficiencies, leave prices in a non-equilibrium state for protracted periods of time.


The efficient market hypothesis assumes that whenever mispricing of a publicly-traded stock occurs as a result of an over-reaction to news, or some similar event, an opportuntity for low-risk profit is created for rational traders. The low-risk profit opportunity exists through the tool of arbitrage, which, briefly, is buying and selling differently priced items of the same value, and pocketing the difference. If a stock falls away from its equilibrium price (let us say it becomes undervalued) due to irrational trading (noise traders), rational investors will (in this case) take a long position while going short on a proxy security, or another stock with similar characteristics.



ETFs vs. Mutual Funds... What's a Better investment?

A mutual fund is an open-end fund operated by an investment company that raises money from people and invests it in stocks, bonds, money market instruments or other assets. Each investor in the fund owns shares that represent a part of these holdings....  more »

Healthy investor-friendly corporations that earn a profit pay out a percentage of their earnings to their shareholders as dividends thus ensuring a source of continuous passive income stream for them. Due to the recent financial crisis, many people are...  more »

There are numerous options to defer income or accelerate deductions, you will definitely find the ones you are eligible to in our list: You can lower your adjusted gross income through tax deductions for education expenses up to $4,000 per year. For...  more »

These indicators are important to investors when defining their strategy and making their decisions. Below you can find a list of major economic indicators: Beige Book The book is a summary of current economic conditions in each of the Federal Reserve...  more »

The stock market may look a bit scary because you may fear losing your money. Investment risk can be lowered by knowledge. A beginning investor has to read a lot about finance, accounting, financial statements, the stock market and the companies traded...  more »

Diversification is a general technique for reducing risk of investment. Each risk-averse investor needs to diversify to some extent in order to minimize the volatility in their portfolio. Volatility is limited by the fact that not all assets move up and...  more »

Recession fears have sent the major stock market indices into a downward spiral again. The economy suffered the mortgage crisis and credit problems recently, and now there is a lot of talk about another recession. This brings new challenges and new...  more »



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